Mountains cover the largest parts of the country. Four mountain systems meet in Serbia: Dinaric Alps in the west cover the greatest territory, and stretch from northwest to southeast. Carpathian Mountains and Balkan Mountains stretch in north-south direction in the eastern Serbia, west of the Morava valley. Ancient mountains along the South Morava belong to Rilo-Rhodope Mountain system.
Divcibare is about 120 km away from Belgrade and from Novi Sad about 180 km. It is located 38 km at southeast part of Valjevo, on the mountain Maljen, on the 980m above the sea level and there are four Nature Reserves: Crna Reka, Čalački potok, and Vražji vir. Divčibare has a mild and pleasant climate, and in this area are mixed air masses from the Mediterranean with the air of the Carpathians and the Pannonian Plain, and therefore it’s not surprising the presence of iodine in the air. The average temperature on the Divčibare is about 18°C, with a warmer autumn than spring. Except of its tourism attraction, Divčibare is considered as one of the best places for the rehabilitation of Serbia because its favorable climatic conditions allow treatment of bronchial asthma, bronchitis and pneumonia. Abound Divčibare there are many rivers, springs and streams that belong to the basins Kolubara and Zapadna Morava. The most interesting one is the river Manastirica with its impressive waterfall of about 20m high, known as „Skakalo“. Divčibare is known for and vast meadows with soft grass and coniferous and deciduous forests that surround them. At the end of April on Divčibare occurs most beautiful mountain flower, narcissus, but it is very famous for wild strawberries, wild raspberries and blackberries as well. There are so many hotels and resorts that in their offer have everything you need for a quality mountain vacation. Ski center is equipped for winter sports with many ski slopes and ski lifts for children and adults, as well as you can enjoy in summer time when you can have fun on swimming pools, or in your favorite summer sports on courts for tennis, football, basketball and volleyball. If you prefer walking tour in a nature, Divčibare is certainly paradise for you with its trails that lead through the forests and meadows.
Goč mountain, whose highest peak is 1,124 m high, is located 200 km from Belgrade and 31 km from Kraljevo in the northern part of the Kopaonik mountain range. Goč can be accessed from many sides, but the two main roads run from Kraljevo to the Dobre Vode peak via Kamenica and from Vrnjačka Banja to Stanišinci. Goč is covered in a beech and fir forest which is also home to the Goč pines, sessile oaks, fine deciduous species and exotic coniferous species. The exuberant forests and the glades of Goč with their pristine nature and fresh air have a beneficial effect on people suffering from anemia and boost the metabolism and the nervous system. Goč is rich in wild strawberries and has a diverse range of medicinal herbs. The rich flora is affirmed by the presence of the beekeepers that set up their beehives on the pastures. In Gvozdac there is an artificial lake that fits perfectly into the natural surroundings. Next to the Beli Izvor holiday resort located on the Vrnjačka Banja side of the mountain, there are courts for small sports and hiking and jogging tracks, and during the winter seasons there are two 500 m-long ski tracks perfect for making first steps on the snow. The ski-lift capacity is 1200 skiers per hour and there is also an optional nighttime skiing. In addition to the skiing facilities, Goč also provides conditions for the preparation of athletes (with its basketball, volleyball, handball and tennis courts), for organizing outdoor classes and sports camps, for hiking, mountain tracking, paragliding, fishing and hunting. Goč is also renowned for its cultural and historical landmarks the most interesting of which is the Roman-era cemetery which is the burial place of the Saxon miners who extracted and smelted iron here at the time of the Nemanjić dynasty.
Golija is the highest mountain in the South West Serbia. It spreads in the shape of the Latin S and it is 32km long. Its highest peak is Jankov kamen, 1833m. Together with Crni vrh (1725 m), Radulovac (1785 m) and Bojovo Brdo (1748 m), it offers a remarkable view of the peaks of Kopaonik and the outlines of Komovi and Prokletije. Golija is untouched, clean, beautiful and unique. It is a magnet for all kinds of tourists, especially for the passionate admirers of mountain climbing, collecting of mushrooms, herbs and forest fruit, skiers and hunters. The landscapes and panoramas of endless floral meadows and immense deep forests with villages scattered on every hillside are unforgettable and incomparable. More than a half of the territory of Ivanjica Municipality belongs to Golija, Serbian mountain beauty. With its natural and created values, the Nature Park completelyy fulfilled the criteria for being nominated for a Biosphere reserve within the MAB Programme (Man and Biosphere Programme), so a big part of the Golija Nature Park was declared to be a Biosphere reserve named Golija-Studenica covering the area of 53,804 ha by the decision of the UNESCO Commission. Preserved jungle-type deciduous and deciduous-conifer forests as well as conifer forests, especially subalpine spruce forests, make botanically significant areas on Golija. 45 bird species belonging to the group of natural rarities have been registered on Golija so far. Cultural and historical values of Golija are characterised by the presence and numerous traces of cultural and historical heritage on the whole area. The most important are the Studenica Monastery, Brezova Monastery (XII century), Gradac Monastery, Kovilje Monastery (XIII century) and Transfiguration Monastery (XII century).
Jastrebac is the highest mountain in central Serbia, located between the towns of Krusevac, Nis and Prokuplje Amongst all Balkan mountains Jastrebac Mountain features the dense forests and abundance of waters and springs. Jastrebac Mountain is specially convenient for nature-lovers, walkers, mountaineers and recreant visitors enjoying easy mountaineering and walking along vast meadows full of springs and waterfalls.
The mountain is a sanctuary to a large number of bird species (the name Jastrebac can be translated into English as Hawk Mountain).
The highest summits of Jastrebac Mountains are “Ðulica” peak (1491 m) and “Pogled” peak (1481 m) that make the natural border between Toplica River and Pomoravlje area. Thick forests of Jastrebac Mountain represent rich raw material for Wood-processing Industry of Krusevac.
At the southern slopes of Jastrebac Mountainthere is the artificial lake with beautiful shore situated in the heart of sunny valley. Variety of trekking walkways are spread along Jastrebac Mountain : “Bele Stene” (1257 m), “Stracimira” (1390 m),”Maznice” (1140 m) as well as routes up to the springs and the old St. Petka Church or the Medieval Gradac Fortification.
The largest mountain range in Serbia, Kopaonik extends from the northwest to the southeast for 80 km, and has a width of around 40 km in the middle. The highest section of Kopaonik is the spacious Ravni Kopaonik plateau around which rise Suvo Rudiste and Pancicev Vrh (the highest peak at 2017 m). Kopaonik gained its name from the Serbian word „kopati“ which means ‘to dig’ because of the rich ore resources which were mined here for centuries. Volcanic activity and the discharge of hot mineral solutions caused changes in the surrounding rocks, creating the rich Kopaonik mining region from which iron, lead and zinc were excavated. Due to its valuable ecosystem, Kopaonik became a national park in 1981. Kopaonik National Park covers an area of 11,810 hectares and based on the number of endemic species, it is one of Serbia’s most important biodiversity hotspots for endemic flora. Kopaonik’s important endemic and rare species include the Kopaonik houseleek (Sempervivum kopaonikensis), the Kopaonik violet (Viola kopaonikensis), Panciceva rezuha (Cardamine pancicii), Serbian flax, Pancicev vijuk and eidelweiss. Kopaonik’s rich variety of animal species deserve special attention, of which the Golden Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, Tawny Owl, Shore Lark, Common Crossbill, Eagle-Owl, dormouse, wildcat, fallow deer, amongst others, stand out. Kopaonik lends itself to active relaxation throughout the year and is the largest and best-known Serbian ski centre. The Ravni Kopaonik plateau is centred around tourism, with a wide range of accommodation and a network of ski slopes amongst other facilities. Another tourist hotspot is located near the village of Brzeća, on the eastern slope of Kopaonik. The first class ski slopes lie between 1650 m and 2017 m above sea-level. This tourist resort has a network of 22 ski-lifts connected in one system and 4 children’s lifts, and caters for all types of skiers. The ski-lift system covers a length of 17,222 m and the ski slopes total 44 km in length. The system can handle 13,520 skiers an hour. Guests also have the use of a 20 km-slope for Nordic skiing, and in Crvene Bare there are marked slopes of 3, 5 and 10 km in length. Ski hire and repair services are also available, as well as snowmobile hire. Walking excursions (to the Metodja spring and Semetesko Jezero lake), mountain biking and basketball, tennis, riding and English language schools also take place on Kopaonik. A diverse range of children’s programmes, as well as slimming and fitness programmes, are offered here and there are a great many sport grounds, which are ideal for sports team training camps. The jagged landscape of Kopaonik is ideal for paragliding. The Josanicka, Lukovska and Kuršumlijska (at the foot of Kopaonik) spas are very close to Kopaonik, while the rich thermal springs of the Vrnjacka, Mataruska and Sijarinska spas are just a little further away. Kopaonik, too, has mineral springs: the lightly radioactive Krcmar spring, which is 1700 m above sea-level, and Marine Vode (1950 m).
The Balkan mountain range Stara planina, ” Old Mountain ” is an extension of the Carpathian mountain range, separated from it by the Danube River. The Balkan range runs 560 km from eastern Serbia eastward through central Bulgaria to Cape Emine on the Black Sea.
Most popular place on Stara planina in Serbian part is Babin zub. Ski resort Babin Zub offers opportunities for tourism and sports events. Its picnic areas are set in areas of natural beauty and are a real place for rest and recreation. The highest point on the Serbian territory is Midžor (2169 meters), which is the same time the highest peak in the Republic of Serbia. One-third of Old mountain is in the eastern part of Serbia, while two-thirds of the Old mountain are in neighboring Bulgaria.
The highest peak of the Stara Planina in Bulgaria and itself is Botev, which is placed in central Bulgaria. In Serbian part Old mountain is divided between the four Municipalities: Zajecar, Knjazevac, Pirot and Dimitrovgrad. The total area of four municipalities is approximately 4,000 km2. Old mountain away from Belgrade is about 330 km, from Sofia 120 km, and is the nearest city Niš, 70 km away.
Rudnik Mountain Range is a mountainous region in central Serbia , in an area known as Sumadija. It is located about 100 km south of the capital Belgrade . The highest peak of Rudnik Mountain Range is Veliky Sturc (1132 m).
Silver, lead and copper had been mined in the mountain range. Archaeological findings prove the fact that settlement of the area had already been there during the time of the Celts. Local mint was the first in the region to surge Serbian dinar surged with an inscription in Cyrillic. It was during the reign of the king Dragutin. The Saxons and the Dalmatians inhabited the mountains in the 14th century. Precious metals mines were the main source of income for the Serbian rulers. Rudnik Mountain Range has quality-marked hiking and climbing trails that lead past the chalets and the main historical monuments.
Several major tourist attractions can be mentioned in the town’s surroundings, like The Zlatibor Area about 77 km, Lake Gruzansko about 25 km, Sava Lake about 73 km, Botanical Garden Jevremovac about 76 km, Goč about 71 km, Obedska Bara about 77 km, Avala about 62 km, Stopića cave about 74 km, Zoo Belgrade about 77 km, Paljuvi lake about 46 km.
The mistique and powefull name for the beautiful mountain Tara (from 1000 to 1,500 metres a.s.l.) one of the most beautiful mountains in Serbia, clad in dense forests with numerous clearings and meadows, cliffs, ravines and caves…
Tara was declared a National Park in 1981. It is in the mountainous region of Western Serbia and it spreads on the Tara and Zvezda mountains, in a large bend of the river Drina. The area of this national park is about 22,000 hectares and consists of a gruop of mountain peaks and areas with deep gorges, the most striking of which is the Drina Gorge. The Drina Gorge, which is an an integral part of park, can be toured by boat. This is a special attraction and memorable experience. Forests account for three quarters of this national park’s area and some of them are best preserved and of highest quality in Europe. Tara also boasts a rare endemic Tertiary species, the Pancic spruce.
The massif of the mountain of Tara is situated in the west part of the Serbia, bordered on river and canyon of Drina’on northwest side and by its southeast side, its branches are coming down towards the mountain of Zlatibor.
According to the favorable climate conditions, Tara is during the year, in summer and in winter months, very suitable for developing of tourism on various levels. In the summer period of the year there is a lot of sunny days, and in the winter period of the year there is a lot of snowy days.
Talking about the climate conditions it should be mentioned that here is present moderate continental climate with moderate worm summers ind winters, and the transitional periods of the year meek and gradual, and the autumn is warmer than the spring. Up to the mountain of Tara is the border between warm airily circulation from the south and cold from the north, that influents the continental climate. Measurements that are taken during the year from the meteorological station on Mitrovac (1082 m height above the sea level) are the average temperature during the years is 5 degree C and average rainfull 977,3 mm.
Zlatibor is a rolling mountain plateau in southwestern Serbia which lies between 700 and 1500 m above sea-level. It is 238 km from Belgrade and is not far from the town of Cajetina. There are three legends about the origin of today’s name Zlatibor ( ZLATIBOR: zlato=gold, bor=pine tree): By the first one Zlatibor is supposed to get its name by white pine trees with yellow conifer (the colour of old gold), which used to cover the rolling slopes of Zlatibor. There has only one such tree remained (in the village of Negbina) and it was given the scientific name Pinus silvestris variegata Zlatiborica, by eng. Omanović, who studied those conifer trees. In the second it is said that Zlatibor got its name because it was so rich with pine tree forests, that the immigrants from Monte Negro and Hercegovina boasted: “It is really a pine tree made of gold!” The third legend says that it got its name by the mountain pastures, that get a yellow, a golden colour in autumn. Which of these legends is the right one make a decision by yourselves! Or, better come to Zlatibor, maybe you’ll hear a new version in the song of Zlatibor pine trees!
Continental and Mediterranean air masses meet in Zlatibor, giving the mountain a gentle climate and making it an ideal place for recuperation and treatment. The natural therapeutic factors are considered to be the very clean and dry air, the low air pressure and the rich ultraviolent spectrum of sunlight. Treatment is performed under the supervision of specialists while patients reside in the unique climatic conditions of Zlatibor, using the latest diagnostic, treatment and rehabilitation equipment of the Zlatibor Specialised Hospital for Thyroid Diseases and Metabolic Diseases. The climate of Zlatibor lends itself to the treatment of: thyroid disorders, metabolic disorders, in particular obesity, injuries to the muscles and bones, cardiovascular disorders, digestive tract disorders, exhaustion and nervous tension, anaemia, asthma. In the Specialised Hospital the special Čigota diet programme is offered, involving a programme of activities, the creation of a positive group atmosphere and the provision of basic information on the importance of proper diet and recreation. Besides health tourism, training sessions for athletes, sport camps and sports schools are also held throughout the year in Zlatibor. There is also well-developed leisure tourism with many hiking trails leading through the glades and woodlands of Zlatibor and a large number of conferences and seminars are held here all year round. On top of all this, Zlatibor is also one of Serbia’s best-known skiing centres, suitable both for beginners and more experienced skiers. Of the multitude of interesting places to visit near Zlatibor, those that deserve a special mention are the Museum of Folk Architecture in Sirogojno, Mokra Gora and its Shargan Eight railway (Šarganska Osmica), Stopića cave and Uvac Monastery.
The oasis of health – Zlatar, represents one of the most beautiful mountains in Serbia. It is situated near Nova Varoš, between Lim and Uvac rivers. The highest mountain top is 1627 m high. Numerous protected plant and animal species prevail here due to the fact of being in a healthy environment. Zlatar is also famous for its extremely clean air, so it is also an aerial spa. Its climate positively influences in treatment of heart diseases, dis-balanced artery pressure, general weak condition, and both problems with blood deficency and blood stream.
The treatment is done in a specialized hospital for rehabilitation – ” Zlatar”.
Besides the very spa, there are also three artificial lakes : Sjeničko, Zlatarsko and Radinjsko, caves, Mileševa monastery (the only monastery with the frescoe of The White Angel in the world). Distance from Belgrade 280 km.
Rtajn mountain are located west of Boljevac. Also known as the Serbian Olymp. It is in the shape of a pyramid, the highest mountain peak is Siljak (1570). At the top is the ruins of a small chapel. Rtajn the north side is covered with mixed forests, mountains in the northeast are grown world famous Rtajnský tea. In mountain areas there are several tourist complexes.
Several major tourist attractions can be mentioned in the town’s surroundings, like Đavolja Varoš about 95 km, Lazareva and Vernjikica about 29 km, Lake Batlava about 116 km, Ceremosnja Cave about 71 km, Rajko’s cave about 74 km, Sokobanja about 15 km, Resavska cave about 39 km, Lazarev Canyon about 28 km, Borsko Lake about 37 km, Canyon of River Jerma about 108 km.