SMEDEREVO FORTRESS – ONE OF THE LARGEST LOWLAND FORTERESSES IN EUROPE Smederevo fortress is situated at the confluence of the Danube and the Jezava on an area of about 10 hectares. Its greatest value is its original appearance that has been preserved until today. The example of the Serbian medieval architecture, preserved to this point, makes it unique on the European soil. The fortress was built by the despot Djuradj Brankovic in the second quarter of the XV century.
Smederevo fortress is a plain fortification, which was not the characteristic of the fortifications in the area, but it was built because of the good transport links and military opportunities for defense. The two sides of its walls are surrounded by the confluence of the Danube and the Jezava, while the third party is surrounded by an artificial moat that connects the two rivers. These are the reasons that have contributed to its triangular shape. The lack of stone was one of the major challenges to the construction, therefore, stones were brought from the distant cities, more than tens of kilometers away. Throughout history, the idea was not realized to develop a city, within the walls of the castle, that would have exclusively a military role. Smederevo fortress today represents the highest achievement of the medieval Serbian military architecture.