Serbian Language

starivukSerbian is the only European language with active digraph, using both Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. The Serbian language is a result of the work of the great Serbian philologist and language reformer, Vuk Stefanović Karadžić 

He devised Serbian Cyrillic alphabet on phonemic principles in 1814. The Latin alphabet was designed by Croatian linguist Ljudevit Gaj in 1830 and is used by the other standard forms of Serbo-Croatian.  

There are thirty sounds in the language. The language has the Cyrillic and the Latin alphabets. In the Cyrillic alphabet, there is one symbol for each sound, there are as many letters as sounds (30), making it completely phonetic. This system was introduced by Vuk Stefanović Karadžić who followed the rule: write as you speak, and read as you write.azbuka 

The Latin alphabet is also phonetic, but some double letters are pronounced as one sound. The spelling of Serbian does not present any difficulties, because there is one symbol for each sound. Serbian is thus one of the easiest languages to learn to write. The order of the letters differs in the Cyrillic and the Latin alphabets.  

Serbian, written in the Cyrillic alphabet is the official language. Romanian, Bulgarian, Albanian and Hungarian are also spoken. Some details about the pronunciation of specific letters in Serbian:



– is rolled as Russian or Spanish


– is pronunced Tse


– is pronunced Sh


– is pronunced as it is in German


– is pronunced I


– is pronunced as a wet T


– is pronunced Tch


– is like French J


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